Diabetes is one of the very common diseases associated with the consumption of sugar. It is a condition which arises with the excess amount of sugar level in the blood. It is seen when the body fails to produce insulin of the required amount or because the insulin being produced fails to be absorbed by the body. Some immediate symptoms of the failure of insulin are;
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst and
- Increased hunger
- Unusual weight loss
- Increased fatigue and
- Blurry vision
Diaetes is classified into two:
- Diabetes type 1
- Diabetes type 2
PATHOGENESIS OF DIABETES
Diabetes type 1 is seen when the body fails to produce insulin initially, while diabetes type 2 is as a result of the body failure to absorb the produced insulin.
Focusing on the type 2 diabetes which is very common, Type 2 diabetes is the most common of both, accounting for between 90-95% of the total cases. This is a condition referred to as insulin failure since the body is resistant to the insulin. Insulin plays a very crucial role in regulation of glucose (sugar) in the blood, into energy.
Symptoms of a person who is suffering from diabetes type 2 will involve;
- Dry mouth
- Sores or cuts which are very slow to heal
- Increased thirst
- Leg pain
- Need for frequent urination
- Yeast infections
- Blurry vision
- Weight loss
- Severe gum problems
- Vaginal yeast infections among women
- Erectile dysfunction to men
Treatment of diabetes
This will first involve controlling your level of glucose. This will involve using the glucometer, a device using a small needle (lancet) to prick you finger, before having any meal and prior to visiting the bed. The droplet will then be smeared into a special test trip placing it to the glucometer and reading it after a minute. This will help you to know the measurements to undertake and whether it will be necessary to see your doctor or not. The result also helps you to identify what to avoid in relation to sugar regulation. In most cases the type 2 diabetes can be solved through dieting and regular exercising.
Dieting will involve prevention of sodium and fats in your diet which are major influencers of the diabetes. However, to the exercising field, those who are type 2 diabetes should take precautions when practicing.
The most important part is to consult your doctor so that he can be able to monitor closely your sugar level. If then you fail to treat the type 2 diabetes using the dieting or exercise, then your doctor will be able to recommend whichever way best to solve your condition-including injections and oral administration of natural insulin. Whichever the way you may decide to use, precautionary care should be undertaken ensuring that you are able to monitor every bit of your progress. Three months examination is encouraged for you to be visiting your local doctor. You can also undergo the National Health Institute examinations which will test your urine to give results of how your body is progressing. The bottom line is to keep on ensuring that you are updated with any progress you make whether positive or negative.
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